CCE happens when children are exploited or coerced into committing criminal acts such as theft, arson, holding money or violent offences. ‘County Lines’ refers to organised criminal groups targeting and using children to act as drug runners. Gangs often target children who are vulnerable, living in care, trapped in poverty, feeling unloved, have mental health or drug issues as they can take advantage of this.
Some young people are attracted to a growing gang culture for Protection, Friendship, Identity, Money, Status etc. But risks far outweigh any benefits.
CSE is when young people up to the age of 18 are manipulated or forced into taking part in sexual activity. They may be given something they want or need, possibly attention, money, food, alcohol or somewhere to stay.